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Ex Minister Manzi Tumubweine, 80, Dies

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Manzi Tumubweine, who served as Rukiga County MP and State Minister of Privatisation, is dead.

The influential figure from Kabale, Western Uganda, was 80 years old.

Manzi’s cause of death is yet to be announced by his family.

However, a close family on Friday night shared on a social media platform: “… after seeing mzee (Manzi) this morning, I was hoping he would pull through. But God  has taken him home.”

The family member added: “I will miss him so much. Pray for me. I have lost a father and a friend. MHSRIP.”

ChimpReports understands the family will issue an announcement this Saturday.

The deceased was born in 1941 to Sadayo and Feresi Kanyamanzi in Kamwezi, Kabale District.

Below is an article about Manzi’s life published by Daily Monitor in 2012.

Manzi’s father died when his life is a true picture of a rags to riches story, which he tells in his book Struggle to Success.

Tumubweine’s story of success began when he lost his father at the age of 12. “I am one of the few people that have never been to Primary Seven. My father passed on in 1955 when I was in Primary six, so I had no school fees to go to junior one which is today’s equivalent of Primary Seven. I had to find something to do in order to earn and be able to look after the family”.

At 14, he joined Bishop Stuart College, Kakoba in Mbarara, to train as a teacher. He trained for four years and started teaching in 1960.

“My ambition was to one day join the university because before my father died, he told me he wanted me to go to the university. This was because when he came to Buganda to work, his boss’s children were at the university and he said they spoke like whites so he also wanted me to go to the university.”

Even as he was at Kakoba, Tumubweine did not forget his dream, so he read various books in order to learn and one day qualify for the university. He had a rich friend who bought books that he borrowed to read.

During the holidays in order to pay school fees for his three brothers and sister, Tumubweine worked as a porter in plantations of any one in the village that cared to hire him. While at school, he tended the compounds of two of his white teachers who paid him 50 cents per hour, which he used as transport to school and to pay fees for his siblings.

Village academic giant

In 1965, after a lot of self-teaching, he managed to sit for O’ level exams as a private student and he passed. Next was A’ level. Because he had to continue teaching himself as he worked as a teacher, he planned to give himself three years to prepare for A’ level exams, which he planned to sit in 1967. Fortunately, in 1967, Makerere University resolved that people who had been in service for over five years could be allowed to sit a mature age entry exam.

“I passed the exam and was called to join Makerere in 1968 to do bachelors in economics”. He completed university in 1971 and during the last days of his final exams, he was one of the lucky students from his department who were recommended to work in the Bank of Uganda (BOU). “I was the first from my village to complete a bachelors at Makerere University, first to do a masters abroad, to become a lecturer,”he says with pride.

In May 1971, the Economics Department at Makerere wanted students to do postgraduate studies and at the same time help the department with tutorial groups and he was among those invited, and he accepted. This meant he had to leave BOU after three months to go to the university.

In March 1972, he sat for his first year post graduate exams for a degree in Economics and was appointed a special assistant in the department. He finished the second year of his post graduate studies from the University of Leeds, UK on a British Council scholarship because the professor meant to supervise him was leaving the country.

Marriage

He married his wife, Christine Nyarubona on June 3, 1972 before travelling to UK in August 1972, to complete his masters. After completing his Masters in 1973, Tumubweine was appointed a lecturer at Makerere. He had applied before leaving the UK. In 1975, Tumubweine became an Employee Relations Manager of Esso Standard Uganda Ltd, which he left in 1981, during the NRA bush war. He fled because intelligence officers were hunting him down since they claimed he had given the NRA fuel since he was dealing in fuel. It is during this time that he decided to write a book. He says it hit him that if anything happened and he died, there would be nothing about his life for his children to read.

Venturing into politics

He fled to Kabale and stayed there all through Obote’s reign until the NRM government took over and he stood for Member of Parliament in 1981.

He won the election and was re-voted in 1996 until 2001. In 1997, he was appointed Minister of state for trade and in 1998, Minister of state for privatisation. At the time of his death, he was doing private business.

During his service as minister, Tumubweine said the biggest problem he identified in the country was the lack of understanding between the voters and voted. “They seem not to understand the role of MPs. They are supposed to make laws, yet voters think they are supposed to make roads, schools, pay school fees etc. MPs are a watchdog of the executive”. He also said there was a problem with people willing to be paid for votes because then, they cannot ask for any accountability since they entered a deal and were paid off.

“I also think leaders have made people very dependent on government. People expect government to do things it should not be doing. If you have jiggers, is the government supposed to come and bathe you or sweep the compound for you? You hear people in the news saying government has not helped them do things they are meant to do themselves”.

The advice he gave to young people is that success depends on what you want to do. “Set goals that are achievable and achieve them one at a time”. He wants to be remembered as someone that worked hard, liked people, did not discriminate among classes and who believes culture makes people what they are.

The post Ex Minister Manzi Tumubweine, 80, Dies first appeared on ChimpReports.



Source – chimpreports.com

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The scrappy Hong Kong tabloid that refused to bow to Beijing | Freedom of the Press News

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Hong Kong, China – The last edition of the Apple Daily, the small scrappy Hong Kong tabloid that emerged as a champion of democracy and outspoken critic of China, has rolled off the presses, four days after the newspaper celebrated its 26th anniversary.

The paper had been raided by police twice during the past 10 months on suspicion of violating the National Security Law that was imposed by Beijing almost a year ago. Since the first raid last August, founder Jimmy Lai, 73, has been in jail awaiting trial under the law.

Last week’s raid saw five top executives, including its chief editor, arrested for alleged security offences as 500 police officers swooped in on Apple’s headquarters, with another staffer – the head editorial writer – apprehended on Wednesday morning.

The final nail in the coffin, however, was Hong Kong authorities’ freeze on the bank accounts of the media group that owns the paper. The move made it impossible for the paper to pay its staff and vendors, even as readers snapped up copies to show their support.

The decision was based on “employee safety and manpower considerations”, Apple Daily said as it announced its closure on Wednesday.
“Here we say goodbye. Take care of yourselves.”

Staff members of Apple Daily and its publisher Next Digital clap out the final edition of a paper that began publishing in 1995 and became a thorn in Beijing’s side [Tyrone Siu/Reuters]

Hong Kong was returned to Chinese rule in 1997 under the “one country, two systems” framework meant to guarantee rights and liberties absent in the mainland. For most of the past 20 years, the territory has remained a bastion of press freedom in a country where media is muzzled.

“The demise of Apple Daily negates ‘one country, two systems’ and sets the stage for ‘one country, one system,’” said Willy Lam, a longtime commentator on Chinese politics and a veteran newspaper editor.

Bold, brash

Founded just two years before the handover, Apple Daily was at once a gamble and a leap of faith.

“The paper wanted to have some impact not just on Hong Kong but also to support the liberalisation of China,” Lam told Al Jazeera. “But as China has become less open to Western values, the paper has focused on defending Hong Kong values and holding Beijing to account.”

In its inaugural editorial, Apple Daily said it aimed to be a paper for the Hong Kong people.

Lai, its founder and funder, a devout Catholic who had made a fortune in the fashion business, named the paper after the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden in the Old Testament. Its rhyming couplet jingle – “An Apple a day, no liars can hold sway” – caught the attention of Hong Kong readers used to more staid offerings.

It was loud. It was bold, It was flashy.

The paper grabbed attention when it splashed a surreptitiously shot photo of Deng Xiaoping – China’s then-paramount leader died in February at the age of 92 – on his deathbed on the front page.

Brashness was its selling point.

Its reporters frequently skewered public officials and needled the comfortable.

“It speaks truth to power and finds a way to do profitably,” said Lokman Tsui, assistant professor of journalism at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Jimmy Lai, standing by one of the printing presses in 2009, created a hugely popular paper that supported democracy, was unafraid to speak truth to power and critical of the Communist Party in Beijing [File: Alex Hofford/EPA]
Apple Daily’s founder and funder, Jimmy Lai, was arrested in August under the national security law and the paper’s headquarters raided. He has now been jailed [File: Tyrone Siu/Reuters]

The paper catered to high brow and low. Colourful spreads of scantily-clad female models appeared in the same section of the paper as erudite columns featuring quotes in Latin and Classical Chinese. With a couple of exceptions, its ranks of columnists were the who’s who of the territory’s pro-democracy circle.

Giving people what they want

Launched at the dawn of the internet age, the daily was quick to adapt to the digital world. Its website pioneered animated news – a mix of stills, short clips and clever graphics with narration dripping with sour sarcasm. Its lifestyle channel on YouTube built a fervent following.

A decade in, the paper’s circulation peaked at 500,000 in a city of approximately six million people with a dozen dailies.

Apple Daily’s brand of advocacy journalism would soon make the paper a thorn in the side of the Chinese Communist Party. But to Lai, a rags-to-riches maverick millionaire now named Public Enemy No. 1 by Beijing, it was all about giving his customers what they would buy, even down to protest poster inserts.

In the summer of 2019, amid popular opposition to legislation that would send Hong Kong residents for trial in mainland China, the paper shorthanded “extradition to China” into the homophonic colloquial Cantonese expression of seeing someone to the grave. The expression immediately caught on and became a rallying cry in the protest movement.

“At times, we might have gone overboard but everything we did fell within the bounds of the law,” said Robert Chan, 45, who has covered mainland China for the paper for the past three years.

That is until the passage of the security law, which punishes what the authorities deem subversion, sedition, collusion with foreign forces and secession with possible life sentences.

Prosecutors have used Lai’s frequent meetings with US officials in recent years, from the then-vice president on down, as “evidence” of his alleged “collusion with foreign powers”.

Staff from Apple Daily and its publisher Next Digital work on the final edition of their newspaper on June 23. In its first-ever editorial, the paper said it wanted to be a publication of the Hong Kong people. It printed a million copies of its final edition [Tyrone Siu/Reuters]

Early last month, rumours started to circulate that Beijing wanted to see the paper be shuttered in time for the Communist Party’s centenary celebrations on July 1.

Technology reporter for a decade, Alex Tang, 37, said like most of his colleagues he had become conditioned to taking unsubstantiated gossip with a grain of salt – until the second raid and the company asset freeze.

During the past few days, some of the 800 reporters at the paper were frustrated by the lack of a definitive answer on the last publishing date and severance.

“Management said they’d hang on till the bitter end, and they’ve kept their word,” said Tang. “The company has done its best.”

Apple Daily will live on as a website on the self-governing island of Taiwan, where it ceased paper publication last month.

But in Hong Kong, China news reporter Chan said he will mourn the loss of far more than his livelihood.

“With the paper gone, so would the values it represents: pursuit of freedom and democracy,” he said.



Source – www.aljazeera.com

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‘Real and present danger’: Sydney imposes new COVID curbs | Coronavirus pandemic News

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Restrictions cover an estimated five million people after Delta variant-linked cases, as neighbouring New Zealand raises alert level.

People in Sydney, Australia’s biggest city, have been ordered not to leave the metropolitan area, as authorities scramble to contain a number of new coronavirus cases of the Delta variant – a development that has prompted neighbouring New Zealand to raise its alert level following possible exposure from a tourist from Australia.

New South Wales (NSW) State Premier Gladys Berejiklian announced the stricter curbs – affecting about five million people who live and work in the city – on Wednesday.

“Clearly this is an evolving situation,” Berejiklian said at a news conference.

The new rules took effect at 4pm Sydney time (06:00 GMT) and will remain in force for a week.

“Given what has occurred the NSW government will be taking action today to limit the spread of what is a very contagious variant of COVID.”

NSW health minister Brad Hazzard described the situation as “a very real and present danger” for the city as a cluster first identified in the beach surburb of Bondi grew to 21 cases with eight confirmed on Wednesday morning.

Most of the newly confirmed cases were traced to a single event, where a mass gathering was held on Tuesday.

“This is a new and more dangerous version of the virus,” Hazzard said during the news conference.

The new restrictions include a limit on household visitors to five people, including children, Berejiklian said.

Mask wearing, which had already been reinstated on Friday, will be extended with people required to wear masks in all indoor settings outside the home and at organised outdoor events. The measures also include capacity limits on public transport and in gym classes, while singing at indoor venues, including places of worship, will not be allowed.

Authorities are also urging people to come forward for testing.

“If we adhere to the health orders today, we will have a good chance on getting on top of this outbreak,” Berejiklian told reporters.

New Zealand on alert

 

As of Wednesday, Australia had recorded more than 30,300 cases and 910 deaths.

The country has been among the world’s most successful in containing the pandemic, allowing it to reopen its border to New Zealand.

But the new cases are testing the travel bubble between the neighbours.

On Wednesday, New Zealand raised its pandemic alert level in Wellington to level two, which is one level short of a lockdown.

Earlier, an Australian tourist who visited the capital city over the weekend tested positive for COVID when they returned to Sydney.

“These are precautionary measures which will remain in place while we contact trace and test all of those we need to,” New Zealand’s COVID response minister Chris Hipkins said.

Under the elevated alert level, offices, schools and businesses are still allowed to open, but people are required to follow social distancing rules.

Gatherings of more than 100 people are banned, including weddings and other parties.

New Zealand has a population of five million people, and has recorded a total of 2,720 cases and 26 deaths. The country has posted a 98.2 percent recovery rate.

In Australia itself, Queensland and Victoria have both closed their borders to people from many parts of Sydney as a result of the new cases.





Source – www.aljazeera.com

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River Nile dam: Egypt new African allies

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Recent years have seen a dramatic re-engagement with Africa, especially the Nile Basin countries.



Source – www.bbc.co.uk

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