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Trump to bash Biden, tout own record amid crises in RNC speech | News

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President Donald Trump will formally accept the Republican Party’s nomination for the upcoming presidential election in a speech at the White House on Thursday night that will be aimed at rallying his base of political supporters and addressing the crises of the pandemic, cratered economy and civil unrest confronting the United States.

Trump is expected to tell a television audience of as many as 20 million that the US economy was prospering before the coronavirus pandemic because of Republican tax cuts and deregulation of business and that the economy is roaring back in a “V-shaped” recovery under his leadership.

While the US stock markets have recovered from a plunge in March triggered by the coronavirus shutdowns, a dual recovery is emerging with some companies and workers prospering in the digital economy while others are struggling to get by in the physical world of bricks and mortar that is in the throes of a painful, sharp downturn.

On Thursday, the US Department of Labor reported that some 27 million Americans are collecting unemployment benefits from state and local programmes, and Congress and the president have yet to agree on a new rescue package that would be needed to keep the economy afloat through the end of the year.

Trump is taking centre stage at the Republican National Convention at a time when outrage about the police shooting of a Black man in Kenosha, Wisconsin, has sparked new protests and riots, amplifying the civil unrest that has swept US cities since May.

Trump has adopted a pro-police, anti-rioter posture towards the protests and has sought to stoke fears among white voters that election of Joe Biden and the Democratic Party, which supports police reform proposals, would lead to lawlessness and chaos.

Trump supporter and conservative Fox News host Tucker Carlson defended 17-year-old Kyle Rittenhouse’s alleged shooting of protesters in Kenosha on Tuesday.

“The chaos that began with the first George Floyd protests on Memorial Day has reached its inevitable and bloody conclusion,” Carlson said on Wednesday.

Carlson’s remarks drew a backlash causing “Fire Tucker Carlson Now” to trend on Twitter with many saying he was justifying the killing. Rittenhouse has been charged with first-degree intentional homicide.

Democratic presidential nominee Biden said on Thursday Trump is exploiting the violence in Kenosha and other cities to help his re-election campaign.

“He views this as a political benefit to him. He’s rooting for more violence,” Biden said on MSNBC, a liberal-leaning television news outlet.

“He’s encouraging this. He’s not diminishing it at all. This is his America now,” Biden said.

Protesters march in Minneapolis during a demonstration against police brutality and racism after a video circulated on Sunday showing the shooting by police of Black man Jacob Blake – multiple times, in the back – as he tried to get in his car, in Kenosha, Wisconsin [Kerem Yucel/AFP]

Biden leads Trump by 7 percentage points in a rolling average of national polls calculated by RealClearPolitics.com. Trump argues the contest is closer and is making a case he can come from behind to win key swing states in the Electoral College as he did in 2016.

Trump and his supporters contend that the president has done more for Black Americans than any other president since Abraham Lincoln who freed the slaves during the US Civil War in 1862. As evidence, they point to high Black employment prior to the pandemic, Trump’s support for tax benefits for urban neighbourhoods, funding for historically Black colleges and criminal justice reform.

“Trump is really in a strange position because as the incumbent he is likely to take a lot of blame from for voters for the current situations, not only for the economy and the pandemic, but also for the civil unrest and rioting,” said Keith Whittington, a professor of politics at Princeton University.

The president has said he is not responsible for civil unrest in the cities, placing responsibility on state and local politicians, “a reasonable approach – from his perspective”, Whittington told Al Jazeera.

“That is a difficult challenge, to make that kind of argument to voters. It may be more credible in the context of the rioting than in the context of the pandemic where the Trump administration is more tied-up in the policy response,” he said.

Democrats have criticised Trump for using the White House as a stage for his acceptance speech. Trump and his team have broken with US political norms that generally prohibit politicians from using federal resources for campaign purposes.

Trump will deliver his speech to a select audience of Republican legislators and party donors assembled on the South Lawn of the White House.

Using the historic building and official residence of the US presidents as a backdrop, Trump’s campaign seems to want to create a monumental setting for the speech similar to Trump’s remarks at Mount Rushmore, South Dakota, on July 3, the day before the US’s Independence Day.

In his Mount Rushmore speech, Trump warned of a “new far-left fascism” that is waging “a merciless campaign to wipe out our history, defame our heroes, erase our values and indoctrinate our children”.

U.S. President Trump and first lady Melania Trump attend South Dakota's U.S. Independence Day Mount Rushmore fireworks celebrations at Mt. Rushmore in South Dakota

Attendees listened as President Trump spoke at South Dakota’s Mount Rushmore on July 3, 2020; Trump will use the White House as a backdrop for a similar speech on the last night of the Republican National Convention [File: Tom Brenner/Reuters]

Vice President Mike Pence spoke live to the convention programme from an outdoor venue at historic Fort McHenry in Baltimore on Wednesday, and first lady Melania Trump spoke live from the Rose Garden at the White House on Tuesday.





Source – www.aljazeera.com

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Iran imposes 10-day restrictions amid sharp rise in COVID cases | Coronavirus pandemic News

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Tehran, Iran – Authorities in Iran have been forced to impose fresh nationwide restrictions after lack of control over travels during the Persian new year holidays last month led to an explosive rise in COVID-19 cases.

On Saturday, authorities reported 19,666 cases across the country, with the figure only second behind the highest single-day figure of 22,478 cases registered a day earlier.

Iran has reported more than two million cases since the start of the pandemic, including 64,232 deaths, 193 of those being reported in the past 24 hours.

Starting Saturday, all regions across Iran will undergo various degrees of restrictions based on how they have been classified under a colour-coded scale denoting the severity of outbreaks.

Iran’s coronavirus map looks like a sea of red as more than 250 cities, including all 32 province centres, are now classified “red”, indicating the highest level of severity.

In these regions, only essential services can continue while educational activities, dine-in at restaurants, cinemas, shopping centres, and a variety of retail vendors will have to shut down.

Travelling to those regions using personal vehicles will also be prohibited while up to 50 percent of staff will be allowed inside offices.

A curfew is in place across the country for private vehicles from 10pm to 3am.

However, a report by state television from the streets of Tehran showed traffic jams and people crammed in public transport on their way to work on Saturday.

“They say it’s closed but everything is open,” a citizen told the state TV reporter in front of a packed bus.

Fourth wave

Last week, Iran announced the country is facing a fourth wave of infections which would be the biggest so far.

The announcement came weeks after tens of millions of people were allowed to travel across the country and make in-person visits to family and friends during two-week holidays for Nowruz, the Iranian new year, that was celebrated on March 20.

On Saturday, in a televised address during a session of the national anti-coronavirus task force, President Hassan Rouhani said the main reason for the fourth wave is the large-scale entry of the COVID-19 variant first found in the United Kingdom through the country’s western borders with Iraq.

Iranian health officials now estimate that more than half of all cases reported across Iran are of the UK variant.

The president said massively increased shopping activity prior to Nowruz, in-person visits on the day of Nowruz, and weddings in the past two months were the other big reasons behind the rise. Nowruz travels “that were made without following protocols” also contributed to the numbers, he added.

Rouhani said on average only 56 percent of people are now following health guidelines.

“If more than 90 percent of people follow protocols, then we won’t have a new wave. Our healthcare workers are tired. Our society is tired,” he said.

Iran has imported more than 1.7 million doses of coronavirus vaccines from Russia, China, India, and through COVAX, a global vaccine initiative.

Three locally manufactured candidates are also undergoing human trials and five more are in the works.

But less than 1 percent of the country’s population of more than 82 million people has been vaccinated so far.



Source – www.aljazeera.com

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Iran unveils new centrifuges, civilian nuclear ‘achievements’ | Nuclear Energy News

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Tehran, Iran – Iran began feeding gas to cascades of new, advanced centrifuges and unveiled dozens of “achievements” to mark its national nuclear technology day in an effort to show its nuclear programme is peaceful.

President Hassan Rouhani on Saturday launched several projects across the country via video link in Tehran that was broadcast live on national television, and an exhibition of 133 technological innovations with civilian and medical uses was also unveiled.

The display comes after the opening week of negotiations in Vienna, Austria, to restore the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) – Iran’s 2015 nuclear deal with world powers – ended on Friday on a hopeful note, and is slated to continue from Wednesday.

In Isfahan’s Natanz, where Iran’s largest nuclear facilities are located, the order was given to feed gas to 164 all-Iranian IR6 centrifuges, with 10 SWU – separative work units that indicate the amount of separation done by an enrichment process.

The IR6 was also deemed the most sustainably efficient centrifuge Iran currently deploys, which is slated to be mass-produced on an industrial level.

It was said to be able to produce 10 times more uranium hexafluoride (UF6) than IR1, Iran’s first-generation centrifuges.

“We can industrialise these machines without any reliance outside the country,” the engineer who answered Rouhani’s questions said.

Rouhani launched an exhibition of 133 technological innovations with civilian and medical uses [Iran President’s Office]

Rouhani also gave the order to begin feeding gas to test a number of 30 IR5 centrifuges and 30 IR6s centrifuges, numbers that could grow if they are successful.

Moreover, mechanical tests began on the top-of-the-line IR9 centrifuge that has a separative capacity of 50 SWU.

Also in Natanz, a unit to assemble and evaluate advanced centrifuges was launched, where the presenting engineer said more than half of all operations are currently industrialised.

The “terrorist move” to blow up parts of the nuclear facilities in Natanz last year in an attack Israel has been suspected of orchestrating did not stop the progress, the engineer said.

In Arak, the second phase of industrial production of deuterium compounds at the Arak Heavy Water Reactor Facility was launched by the president, who also oversaw the launch of a first-of-its-kind emergency unit aimed at treating radiation burns.

A series of achievements were introduced at the National Centre for Laser Science and Technology in the Alborz province, while the president next discussed advances at a national centre to research stable isotope separation.

‘Ill-placed concerns’

After the new projects were launched, the president delivered a televised address in which he once more emphasised Iran does not seek nuclear weapons, and railed against Western powers for acting based on the presumption that it did.

“These ill-placed concerns have created many problems for our people in the past 15 years,” Rouhani said, referring to multilateral sanctions imposed on Iran prior to its nuclear deal that provided sanctions relief for curbs on Iran’s nuclear programme.

Western intelligence maintains that Iran sought to weaponise its nuclear programme, plans that it abandoned in 2003.

President Hassan Rouhani on Saturday launched several projects across the country [Iran President’s Office]

Israel still repeatedly claims Iran is after nuclear weapons despite thorough inspections of its nuclear sites by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

Rouhani also harshly criticised world powers and the IAEA for their lack of assistance in developing Iran’s peaceful nuclear programme.

“We don’t owe them, they owe us,” the president said, adding they should have assisted Iran as part of commitments under the Non-Proliferation Treaty.

Hours before the unveiling of Tehran’s latest nuclear advances, Reuters news agency cited a confidential IAEA report that Iran has produced a small amount of fuel plates for the Tehran Research Reactor, containing 20 percent enriched uranium.

The IAEA reportedly said in its report that Iran aims to produce molybdenum, which has many civilian uses, including in medical imaging.

As part of the nuclear deal, Iran’s enrichment of uranium was capped at 3.67 percent, a limit that it started gradually scaling back in 2019, one year after then-United States President Donald Trump unilaterally abandoned the nuclear deal and reimposed harsh sanctions on Iran.



Source – www.aljazeera.com

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10 Myanmar police killed in attack by ethnic armies: Reports | Conflict News

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Fighters from an alliance of rebel groups reportedly attack a police station in a new escalation after the military coup.

An alliance of ethnic armies in Myanmar that has opposed the general’s crackdown on anti-coup protests attacked a police station in the east on Saturday and killed at least 10 policemen, local media said.

The police station at Naungmon in Shan state was attacked early in the morning by fighters from an alliance that includes the Arakan Army, the Ta’ang National Liberation Army, and the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army, media reported.

Shan News said at least 10 policemen were killed, while the Shwe Phee Myay news outlet put the death toll at 14.

A spokesman for the military did not return calls asking for comment.

Al Jazeera’s Tony Cheng, reporting from neighbouring Thailand, noted the ethnic armies are some of the oldest in the world, having battled central government forces for decades.

“Since the coup, there has been a lot of talk about armed groups operating together but we have not actually seen it before. Today it’s claimed three acted together, joined forces, attacked this outpost manned by Myanmar police, killing a number of policemen,” said Cheng, adding the assault occurred over two hours early on Saturday.

More than 600 people have been killed by the military in the crackdown on protests against the February 1 coup, according to a monitoring group. As violence has escalated, about a dozen armed groups have condemned the coup-makers as illegitimate and pledged to stand with the protesters.

Civilian lawmakers, most of whom are in hiding after their removal, have announced plans to form a “national unity government” – with key roles for ethnic leaders – and are holding online talks about joint resistance to the generals.

Dozens of bodies

Meanwhile, reports from Myanmar say dozens of people may have been killed in a military assault on anti-coup protesters in the city of Bago. About 60 people may have died in the clashes in the city, about 60km (32 miles) northeast of Yangon, according to Radio Free Asia citing witnesses.

News site Myanmar Now cited a protest leader as saying dozens of bodies had been brought inside a pagoda compound where the military was based. Witnesses cited by both media outlets reported hours of gunfire that started early on Friday.

Protests against the February coup continued on Saturday in Yangon, Mandalay, Bagan, Sagaing, Myeik and many other cities.

The military crackdown has also included reports of protesters being tortured in detention and harsh sentences.

The military issued death sentences on 19 people from Yangon’s North Okkalapa township on Friday. They were charged with beating an army captain, according to Radio Free Asia.

The military coup dismissed the elected government led by Aung San Suu Kyi, who is currently under house arrest.



Source – www.aljazeera.com

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